I've been meaning to write down a list of Hellgate's allusions for a while.It has always been very amusing for me to decipher what or who the items' names refer to,and how that's related to the items themselves.
So,let's see what we can find,both in SP's and Global's item libraries.Agni's Hearth
Agni is the Vedic fire god of Hinduism.This is solidified by the fact that the weapon itself deals fire damage.Alucard's Continuum
"Alucard" being a popular backwards spelling of "Dracula",this weapon refers to the mythical Dracula.This is enhanced by the weapon itself being a Dart Pistol that returns HP to the user upon inflicting damage.
Perhaps the weapon being a Dart Pistol is itself a reference to the famous way of killing vampires through spikes,but now I'm nitpicking Atlas' Burden
A reference to the mythical Atlas of Greek mythology,who would bear the sky on his shoulders.Interestingly,the item itself is shoulder armor.Blade of Behemoth
A direct reference to Behemoth from the Bible,this blade is actually pretty huge itself.Final Attempts of Merihim
Another direct reference to Bible demons,Merihem are described as "purveyors of pestilence".This fits the weapon itself,as it has both Toxic damage and Poison attack strength.Fontaine's Impressive Pair
I have no idea if this is a reference to any historic figure or place,but "Fontaine" curiously translates to "fountain".That,coupled with the ambiguous "pair" noun there,makes me think this is a plain lewd wordplay Gabriel's Fury
(and Call of the Archangel
The former being a direct reference to the Archangel Gabriel from the Bible,this pair of weapons seems to be a perfect set of counterparts.Their rate of fire is reduced compared to the ordinary,and it's pretty similar (20 and 30/m,respectively) Hattori's Tekou
A direct reference to Hattori Hanzō,a famous ninja of the Sengoku era (which Flagship seems very fond of).This,among other "Swordsman" gear,seems to do justice to its referred figures by resembling equipment of the era.Hecate's Storm
A reference to the ancient Greek goddess Hecate.The weapon deals fire damage,possibly as a reference to her usual depiction as one who holds two torches,or due to the common association of the fire element with grand "Savior" deities.Hera's Lance
A reference to the ancient Greek goddess Hera.A very appropriate reference,given that the weapon is a Zeus Rifle Hero of Heorot
Heorot is the mead-hall described in the epic Beowulf,which later served as a palace for King Hroðgar.The blade's massive size and poison damage may be referencing the size and nature of the beasts slain within the famous epic.Hero's Halfshell
A subtle reference to the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles' theme song lyric,"heroes in a halfshell".Fittingly,the item is torso armor Hestia's Vision
A reference to the ancient Greek goddess Hestia.This seems fitting,given that Hestia's iconography often includes the domestic fireplace/oven,while the gun itself is a Nova Gun that deals fire damage.Hidra's Tentacle
An obvious reference to the mythical beast,the Lernaean Hydra,a serpentine monster.The item's added armor and points in Elemental Revenge and Elemental Fortitude may be a reference to the beast's own fortitude and regenerative ability.Hikida's Lamentation
A possible reference to the 1573 Siege of Hikida Castle.
fond of the Sengoku period!Hokus Pokus Locus
An obvious reference to the famous "hokus pokus" chant,this item is fittingly a Focus Item.Ichabod's Bane
Ichabod is named by the Books of Samuel as the brother of Ahitub.The item's added Toxic damage and Poison attack strength may be alluding to Ichabod's supposed (and disputed) death.Illiaster's Majestic Sun
Illiaster is referred in the "To Reign in Hell" book by Steven Brust,as "stuff of order" from which "came consciousness that resulted in the firstborn angels: Yaweh, Satan, Michael, Lucifer, Raphael, Leviathan and Belial.".This is solidified by the fact that the weapon itself deals fire damage.Ivan's Terrible Advantage
This seems to be a pun on the name of Ivan the Terrible,but I have no clue how the weapon is otherwise connected to the historical figure Mahomet's Surcoat
A possible reference to the Islamic prophet Muhammad,as spelled in Ciardi's traditional spelling in the famous epic "Dante's Inferno",OR as spelled in the title of Voltaire's tragedy,"Mahomet".I'm not entirely sure how the item itself references the historical figure in anything but name,sadly.Marlowe's Shadow
Possibly an allusion to playwright Christopher Marlowe,famous for his play "Doctor Faustus".The reference may be reinforced by the fact that the weapon deals Spectral damage,possibly in reference to Faustus's (or Marlowe's...) own grim fate.Menlo's Spark Rifle
A reference to Thomas Edison,"The Wizard of Menlo Park",playing on the sounds of "Menlo Park" and "Menlo's Spark".This is supported by the fact that the weapon deals Electric damage.Nikola's Polyphase Rifle
A simultaneous reference to Nikola Tesla and his polyphase system,the weapon appropriately deals Electric(/Spectral) damage and (playing on the word "polyphase") has added Phase attack strength.Olympus Bolt
An obvious reference to Mount Olympus,the residing place of the ancient Greek Gods,this weapon is fittingly a Zeus Rifle.Person of Thor (Jupiter)
An obvious reference to the Norse God Thor,this weapon fittingly deals Electric damage.I'm not sure how Jupiter is related though...Shaun's Trusty Sidekick
A reference to the protagonist of "Shaun of the Dead". The allusion seems fitting,both due to Shaun using a bat to fend off zombies in the movie and due to the weapon itself having extra damage against necros.Shiva's Trishula
A reference to Shiva,one of the principal deities of Hinduism.The Trishula,apart from being a weapon,is also a Hindu-Buddhist religious symbol.Sol's Invictus
Edit: As Thegreatcthulhu kindly informs me,Sol's Invictus was named after the Hellgateguru.com webmaster, "Sol Invictus".In turn,that name itself is a direct reference to "Sol Invictus" ("the Unconquered Sun"),the Sun god of the later Roman Empire and a patron of soldiers.
Fittingly,the item is a Templar Torso Armor that provides points in Aura of Defense.Sword of Weyland
Probably a reference to Weyland (or Wayland) the Smith,a legendary smith in Germanic and Norse mythology.Fittingly,the weapon is,well...a sword.The Riddler
A pun on the famous Batman villain,"the Riddler",this weapon's name plays on the words "Riddler" and "riddle",as its high rate of fire allows this weapon to riddle enemies with holes.Thor's Hammer
Another obvious reference to the Norse god Thor,this weapon deals Electric damage as well.Curiously,Thor seems to be the only deity to have 2 weapons referencing him.Toshizo's Sode
Possibly a reference to Hijikata Toshizō,a famous swordsman.Yagyu's Kurijime-no-o
Possibly a reference to Yagyū Jūbei Mitsuyoshi,a famous samurai in Japan's feudal era.-Extra tidbits (monsters,locations and quests/quest items)The Reaper and Carnagor
Those minions have some very interesting random names,which are often puns or allusions themselves.
For instance,the Reaper name "Roflol the Amused" is a play on the popular acronym ROFLOL,while the Carnagor name "Khaaan" is an obvious reference to the famous Star Trek soundbite/meme of the same name.Sydonai
This big bad boss (and subsequently Imps which seem to be in his image) seems to be heavily inspired by H. P. Lovecraft's Cthulhu.Murmur's remarks of terror upon Sydonai's arrival seem to resonate with Cthulhu's reputation of being terrifying enough to drive men insane.Shulgoth
Very amusingly,I recently realised this iconic boss monster may be inspired by Shakespeare's depictions of King Richard III,as "a hunchback with a limp and a withered arm".The statues of Shulgoth scattered around Ancient Bloods seem to fit the idea that Shulgoth may have had his share of royalty among lesser demons too!Beast of Abbadon
An obvious reference to Abbadon from the Bible,this guy's size matches his name's weight!Moloch
This fan-favorite old-timer demon is a direct reference to the biblical Moloch,a Canaanite god associated with child sacrifice.Curiously,the root "mlk" translates as "King",which Moloch stands up to with his imposing size.
Plus,he summons Priests,appropriate for a God Source of all Evil
This quest item may be a reference to "The Charmed Ones"'s villain,"The Source of all Evil".Conrad and the Catacombs
Quite possibly the most intricate literary allusion in the game,if it is one.The whole area and the subsequent boss seem to allude to Joseph Conrad's "Heart of Darkness":
-The quest giver's very name is Conrad.
-The Catacombs feature 2 stations between the entry and the final level,much like the 2 main stops of Marlow's (the protagonist's) trip.
-In the book,the trip is hindered near its end by thick fog that caused difficulties in navigation.This may be mirrored in the Catacombs by the fact that the levels would get increasingly darker as they progressed.
-The character Marlow eventually meets is Kurtz,a slavelord who is revered as a demigod.Not only is his status reminiscent of Occulis' own assumed status (as a Spectral Lord),but the reader is also introduced to Kurtz through a painting of "a blindfolded woman bearing a torch against a nearly black background",a symbolism in accord with Occulis' appearance,name ("Oculus" is Latin for "eye"),status (as an "All-Seeing"),and spawns ("Eyes of Occulis").
That's the ones I've pinned down so far.If anyone else is interested in this and knows of other subtle references,please let me know